Robotic Systems at Sentara Norfolk General Hospital
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Robotic Systems at Sentara Norfolk General Hospital 

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The daVinci Surgical Robot is an FDA approved medical device that has been used in a variety of surgical procedures including cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and urological. The robotic tower includes four separate arms that are positioned over the patient. One arm controls the camera device, while the other three control operating instruments. A full range of instruments are available to the surgeon including instruments to grasp, cut, coagulate, dissect, and sew. The surgeon sits comfortably at a console station and leans into a set of eyeglasses that give him or her a 3-dimmensional view of the surgical field. Below the viewing device are two robotic arm controllers that fit over the thumb and index finger. By moving the arm controllers, the surgeon manipulates the robotic instruments inside the patient. The tips of the instruments will mimic exactly the motions the surgeon creates with his hands with a full seven degrees of motion. By pressing a foot pedal, the surgeon can switch between instrument control and camera control to change the view of the field. A separate video tower is placed at the patient side for the assistant surgeons to view the procedure. The console surgeon is only a few feet away from the patient and an intercom device allows clear communication between the members of the surgical team.

ZEUS(r) Robotic Surgical System

A three-arm, voice activated robot. Use of the ZEUS(r) Robotic Surgical System increases the surgeon's dexterity and precision. ZEUS translates the surgeon's hand motions into precise microsurgical movements inside the patient's body via robotic instruments. With proprietary computer algorithms, surgeons are able to use ZEUS robotic capabilities to eliminate hand tremors and scale the motion of the surgical instruments, opening the possibility for new minimally invasive procedures to be performed. Internationally, ZEUS has successfully performed a variety of clinical procedures, including closed-chest coronary bypass surgery on a beating heart.

AESOP(r) Endoscope Positioner

A one-arm, voice-activated robot designed to position the endoscope, a small pencil-size camera used to view inside the patient's body during minimally invasive surgery. Through voice commands, a surgeon controls the picture and position of the endoscope, thus allowing the surgeon to get a steadier operative image.

HERMES(r) Control Center

A voice recognition system, which hears, understands and translates doctors' commands into action. A voice control center using voice recognition technology is central to Sentara Norfolk General Hospital's "smart" OR. Through a single network and using voice activation, a surgeon can adjust key devices such as ZEUS, AESOP, OR table, telephone, and other energy sources without stopping to enlist the help of a nurse to do it manually, thus disrupting the surgery.

SOCRATES(tm) Telecollaborative System

An integrated system of telecommunication equipment, networked surgical devices, and robotics that provides an efficient and economical pathway to enable remote tele-mentoring and surgical training. SOCRATES allows a surgeon located at a remote site to assist with another surgeon who may be located in an operating room down the hall, across the country or on the other side of the world. Through its unique capabilities, SOCRATES essentially allows surgeons to share robotic control at both ends.

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