Surgery for heart failure may be recommended when the doctor can identify a correctable problem that's causing heart failure, such as a defect or a blocked coronary artery. It may also be necessary when heart failure is so severe that it can't be helped with medications or dietary and lifestyle changes.
Read about minimally invasive cardiac procedures
at Sentara facilities. Surgical OptionsValve repair or replacement
A variety of different replacement valves can be used: a mechanical valve made from metal and plastic, one made from human
or animal tissue. Read more about aortic
and mitral valve
repair and replacement. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (formerly referred to as angioplasty)
A small tube - a catheter - with a tiny deflated balloon on the end is inserted through an incision in the groin area and pushed
through to the diseased artery. Then the balloon is inflated to push open the artery. The balloon is removed once the artery has
been fully opened. A stent may be placed during the procedure to keep the blood vessel open. Coronary artery bypass
Coronary artery bypass surgery reroutes the blood supply around a blocked section of the artery. During this procedure, surgeons
remove healthy blood vessels from another part of the body then surgically attach the vessels to the diseased artery in such a way
that the blood can flow around the blocked section. Defibrillator implantation
These devices are surgically placed and deliver pacing, or an electric countershock, to the heart when a life-threatening abnormal
rhythm is detected. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
The left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a mechanical pump-type device that's surgically implanted. It helps maintain the
pumping ability of a heart unable to effectively work on its own. This device is sometimes referred to as a "bridge to transplant."
Total Artificial HeartHeart transplant
Sentara Heart Hospital is the first and only facility in Hampton Roads to offer the SynCardia Total Artificial Heart
, a life-saving
bridge to keep the blood pumping and improve the quality of life for heart failure patients awaiting a donor heart transplant.
For some patients, heart transplants may be necessary. Sentara has been a leader in the field
for more than 20 years.