Surgical Treatment Heart Failure | Sentara Healthcare
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Surgical Treatment 

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Surgery for heart failure may be recommended when the doctor can identify a correctable problem that's causing heart failure, such as a defect or a blocked coronary artery. It may also be necessary when heart failure is so severe that it can't be helped with medications or dietary and lifestyle changes.

Read about minimally invasive cardiac procedures at Sentara facilities.

Surgical Options

Valve repair or replacement 
   A variety of different replacement valves can be used: a mechanical valve made from metal and plastic, one made from human
   or animal tissue. Read more about aortic and mitral valve repair and replacement.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (formerly referred to as angioplasty)
   A small tube - a catheter - with a tiny deflated balloon on the end is inserted through an incision in the groin area and pushed
   through to the diseased artery. Then the balloon is inflated to push open the artery. The balloon is removed once the artery has
   been fully opened. A stent may be placed during the procedure to keep the blood vessel open.

Coronary artery bypass
   Coronary artery bypass surgery reroutes the blood supply around a blocked section of the artery. During this procedure, surgeons
   remove healthy blood vessels from another part of the body then surgically attach the vessels to the diseased artery in such a way
   that the blood can flow around the blocked section.

Defibrillator implantation
   These devices are surgically placed and deliver pacing, or an electric countershock, to the heart when a life-threatening abnormal
   rhythm is detected.

Left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
   The left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a mechanical pump-type device that's surgically implanted. It helps maintain the
   pumping ability of a heart unable to effectively work on its own. This device is sometimes referred to as a "bridge to transplant."

Total Artificial Heart
   Sentara Heart Hospital is the first and only facility in Hampton Roads to offer the SynCardia Total Artificial Heart, a life-saving
   bridge to keep the blood pumping and improve the quality of life for heart failure patients awaiting a donor heart transplant.

Heart transplant
   For some patients, heart transplants may be necessary. Sentara has been a leader in the field for more than 20 years.

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