A vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure in which the sperm duct, or vas deferens, is cut in order to achieve sterility.
Vasectomy reversal restores fertility by reconnecting the ends of the severed vas deferens, which is located in each side of the scrotum, or by connecting the vas deferens to the epididymis, the small organ on the back of the testis where sperm matures.
These procedures can be accomplished through various approaches, including microsurgery.
Recovery from a vasectomy reversal should be fairly swift and fairly comfortable. If pain exists, oral medications can be taken to control discomfort. Most patients return to normal routine and workload within a week.
Heavy physical activity should be refrained for four weeks. You will be advised to wear a jockstrap for support for several weeks. You will also be restricted from having sex for at least two weeks.
On average, it takes one year to achieve a pregnancy after a vasectomy reversal. Some pregnancies occur in the first few months after the reversal procedure, while others do not occur until several years later.