A diagnosis of gynecologic cancer comes after a physical exam and several diagnostic tests. The exams and tests conducted may vary depending on the symptoms.
A doctor may perform a pelvic exam to look for signs of vaginal cancer, such as lumps or changes in the vagina, or perform a biopsy to help diagnose vaginal cancer.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a safe and painless test that provides pictures of organs and structures inside the body. It produces these images by using a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy. MRI does not use X-rays.
PET/CT scans are a type of nuclear medicine imaging. A PET and a CT scan are performed at the same time with the same machine, providing a more comprehensive image than each could produce alone. A PET/CT scan is used often to image the heart, brain, liver or other organs. It is one of the most effective ways to study cancer.
Biopsy is the removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope to check for signs of cancer.
Family history of cancer, family history of positive BRCA1, BRCA2 or Lynch Syndrome may result in additional genetic testing.