What Kind of Doctor Do I Need?

Since there are a number of different areas our doctors can specialize in, here is a quick list of how to navigate various specialties when searching for doctors.

In addition to being board-certified, many of our doctors are sub-specialists, meaning they have at least one year, and in some cases many years, of additional fellowship training aimed at increasing their expertise in a specific field.

Types of Cancer Specialists

Cancer is primarily treated in three ways: with medicine, with radiation and with surgery. Your team of cancer physicians may include:

  • Medical oncologist
  • Radiation oncologist
  • Surgical oncologists
  • Other specialists

You can also consult the key below for a description of specialties.

  • Dermatology

    Physicians who specialize in skin diseases, including skin cancer.

  • Endocrinology

    Physicians who specialize in diseases of the thyroid, pituitary, pancreas, pineal and adrenal glands. They concentrate on any glands of the endocrine system.

  • Gastroenterology

    Physicians who specialize in diseases of the digestive tract (gastrointestinal or GI).

  • Gynecologic Oncology

    Physicians who specialize in the treatment of gynecologic cancers, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer.

  • Head and Neck Surgery

    Physicians who specialize in diseases of the head, neck and throat.

  • Hematology and Oncology

    Physicians who coordinate and oversee your cancer care. Medical oncologists specialize in the medical treatment of cancer, such as chemotherapy.

  • Hospice

    A care team who focuses on the palliation of a chronically, seriously or terminally ill patients pain and symptoms. They provide care to patients in their home or a home-like setting.

  • Interventional Radiology

    Physicians who specialize in minimally invasive procedures.

  • Pathology

    Physicians who specialize in the diagnosis of disease, including cancer.

  • Pulmonology

    Physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of lung conditions and diseases.

  • Neurology or Neurosurgery

    Physicians who specialize in the treatment of neurological conditions, including brain and spinal cancer.

  • Palliative Care

    A team of doctors, nurses and pharmacists who help manage symptoms such as pain, nausea or fatigue. They do not cure the disease but help a person be as comfortable as they can be and have the best possible quality of life. They help at any stage of cancer.

  • Pediatric - Hematology/Oncology

    Physicians who specialize in treating cancer in children.

  • Radiation Oncology

    Physicians who specialize in treating cancer with radiation therapy, or radiation oncologists.

  • Radiology

    Physicians with special training in reading x-rays and other types of imaging to diagnose diseases.

  • Surgery

    General surgeons, including surgical oncologists.

  • Surgery - Oral and Maxillofacial

    Surgeons who specialize in surgery of the mouth and throat.

  • Thoracic Surgery

    Physicians who operate on organs in the chest such as the lungs, the sternum, the diaphragm, ribs and any other associated muscles.

  • Urology

    Physicians who specialize in the treatment of diseases and conditions of the male and female urinary tract and male reproductive organs, including prostate cancer, testicular cancer and bladder cancer.

If you're looking for expert help for a health concern, look to Sentara for assistance. At Sentara, you'll find doctors who have advanced training and extensive experience in every healthcare discipline.

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