Endoscopy is a procedure that lets your doctor look inside your body. It uses an instrument called an endoscope, or scope for short. Scopes have a tiny camera attached to a long, thin tube. The doctor moves it through a body passageway or opening to see inside an organ. Sometimes scopes are used for surgery, such as for removing polyps from the colon.

There are many different kinds of endoscopy. Here are the names of some of them and where they look.

  • Colonoscopy – the large intestine
  • Upper GI endoscopy – esophagus and stomach

Endoscopy is a series of nonsurgical procedures that can both diagnose and treat problems within the digestive tract (such as a colonoscopy) or other internal organs. Board certified gastroenterologists utilize state-of-the-art computers, scopes and cameras to examine the digestive tract. These procedures are used to diagnose and treat diseases like: gastritis, ulcers, benign and malignant tumors, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. 

Sentara Martha Jefferson Hospital's endoscopy services combine a network of highly trained physicians, licensed nursing staff and the latest in Endoscopic examination equipment, facilities and non-invasive gastrointestinal and pulmonary procedures.

Most of our endoscopy services are performed on an outpatient basis. Procedure time including recovery averages between one and three hours.

According to the National Cancer Institute, cancers of the colon and rectum are the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancers and rank second among cancer deaths in the United States. Colorectal cancer screening is routinely authorized by most insurance providers for patients 50 years or older and those patients with a family history of colorectal cancer. Contact your primary care physician for more details about scheduling a screening.