Cancer surgery is an operation to remove or repair a part of your body to diagnose or treat cancer. It remains the foundation of cancer treatment. Cancer surgery can diagnose or treat cancer or simply relieve the symptoms cancer causes.
The effect of the surgery will vary depending on the location of the cancer and the type of anesthesia used. Most minor surgery can be performed without an overnight stay in the hospital.
Your doctors will work with you to develop a treatment plan that is best for you, including whether you are a candidate for surgery.
When a surgeon has to cut into the body to operate, it’s called invasive surgery. Today, operations that involve less cutting and damage to nearby organs and tissues (less invasive surgery) often can be done to remove tumors while saving as much normal tissue and function as possible.
Surgery offers the greatest chance for cure for many types of cancer, especially those that have not spread to other parts of the body.
CyberKnife is a computer-controlled radiosurgery system that delivers radiation to tumors in the brain, spine and anywhere in the body with sub-millimeter accuracy, while avoiding damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
CyberKnife is used to treat cancerous and benign tumors and abnormal tangles of blood vessels (vascular malformations) that in the past may have been impossible to treat.
da Vinci Robotic Surgery
The da Vinci surgical robot has revolutionized prostatectomy surgery by making it a more precise, minimally invasive procedure with excellent results.
One of the most common treatments for prostate cancer involves the surgical removal of the prostate gland, known as a radical prostatectomy. Traditional radical prostatectomy requires an 8- to 10-inch incision. This open surgery results in substantial blood loss, a lengthy recovery and the risk of impotence and incontinence.
In contrast, the da Vinci robot empowers a surgeon to perform a very precise, nerve-sparing operation through several dime-sized incisions. With this minimally invasive surgery, the goal is to accomplish internal repair while leaving the body surface as natural as it was prior to surgery.
TransOral Robotic Surgery
The traditional surgical method for removing malignant and benign tumors of the voice box, throat and tongue is to make an external incision across the throat. While effective in giving surgeons access, it is invasive, disfiguring and hard on patients.
TransOral Robotic Surgery (TORS) uses the precision instruments and fiber-optic camera of the daVinci™ robotic surgery system to access tumors through small incisions in the back of the mouth.
Prospective studies on TORS patients indicate quicker recovery of swallowing and speech abilities after surgery and shorter hospital stays.
Laparoscopic ultrasound is being used in combination with other minimally invasive surgeries to assist surgeons in intraoperatively identifying cancers that may go undetected by other diagnostic methods.
Surgeons regularly use minimally invasive surgical procedures when performing a gallbladder removal or surgical removal of all or part of the colon. During the surgery, the laparoscopic ultrasound probe can be used to scan the liver to see if the cancer has spread.
The ability of the probes to “look” in multiple directions allows for additional areas of the body to be examined during a minimally invasive surgery.
If a liver tumor is identified, laparoscopic ultrasound can then be used to guide the biopsy as well as to deliver radiofrequency ablation treatment.
As with other minimally invasive surgeries, the patient has significantly smaller surgical scarring, a quicker recovery and a reduced hospital stay. With the help of laparoscopic ultrasound, surgeons can intraoperatively evaluate liver, colon, rectal and other gastrointestinal cancers and deliver treatments such as radiofrequency ablation.
Laparoscopic ultrasound is finding up to 30 percent more liver lesions than just CT alone. The earlier a health issue is identified, the sooner treatment can begin.