Interventional radiology uses minimally invasive procedures guided by images of the body to diagnose and treat numerous types of medical conditions. The images provide a "road map" that allows the radiologist to guide tiny instruments, such as needles or small catheters, through the body to the area of interest.
About interventional radiology
- Uses minimally invasive techniques with imaging to guide the procedure.
- X-ray, CT, MRI or ultrasound are used during interventional radiology procedures.
- Many conditions, including cancer, can be treated using interventional radiology techniques, offering less pain and less recovery time than open surgery.
What is interventional radiology?
Interventional radiology (IR) is a medical specialty offering minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures using radiologic imaging to guide the procedure.
Interventional radiology treatments have become the primary method of care for a variety of conditions, offering less risk, less pain and less recovery time, compared with open surgery. Imaging tests used during interventional radiology include X-ray, MRI, ultrasound, and CT.
Interventional radiologists have extensive training and must show expertise in radiation safety, radiation physics, the biological effects of radiation and radiation injury prevention.
What conditions/treatments involve interventional radiology?
- Biliary Procedures
- Minimally invasive cancer treatments, including chemoembolization and radioembolization and cryoablation.
- Catheter insertion
- Embolization – Used to treat uterine fibroids, trauma victims with massive bleeding, control hemorrhage after childbirth, and as a treatment prior to surgery to decrease blood loss.
- Fallopian tube recanalization
- Feeding tubes
- Kyphoplasty – Minimally invasive surgical procedure used for treating a compression fracture.
- Needle Biopsy
- Radiofrequency Ablation
- Varicoceles – Varicose vein of the testicle and scrotum.
- Varicose and spider vein treatment
- Vertebroplasty – Pain treatment for vertebral compression fractures.